Significant digits of a number are the digits which contribute to its accuracy - generally these are all digits except leading and trailing zeros. For a more precise definition please see WolframMathworld.
An Excel © worksheet function solution to calculate n significant digits of d (I found this in an Excel forum but I could not identify the original author): A1: d A2: n Result: =--TEXT(A1,"."&REPT("0",A2)&"E+0")
Example: If you want to show pi with 3 significant digits:
The corresponding VBA solution:
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Function sbNSig(d As Double, n As Long) As Double
'Returns double with n most significant digits of d.
'09-Nov-2019 by PB V1.00
sbNSig = Format(d, "." & String(n, "0") & "E+0")
End Function
Klaus K. offered another worksheet formula for this on the (retired) web site =ROUND(A1,A2-1-INT(LOG(ABS(A1))))
A related function is sbNum2Str which returns a non-scientific string representation of a given number with all significant digits and all leading and trailing zeros.
Last modified 1yr ago